“Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security […]. Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right of security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control” (Articles 22 and 25, The Universal Declaration of Human Rights).
Social Protection encompasses all public and private initiatives that provide income or consumption transfers, access to basic social services or protect from livelihood risks, including categories of social assistance and social insurance. The rich experience with Social Protection in developing countries has demonstrated its positive impact on household income, market stimulation and economic growth. Likewise, there is abundant evidence of positive effects on food security, health, education levels and empowerment of the most vulnerable, including children, older persons and women.